Here is a guide to my Series on Orcas:
For the Love of Orcas: Introduction to the series, resources, and an overview of killer whales.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Truths Revealed: Introduction to Orca captivity and marine amusement parks, as well as the resources I used.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Family Destruction: This article covers how captivity destroys the family structures of orca families, especially with mother-calf separations.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Orca Health: The overall health of orcas living in captivity and how their small habitats contribute to health problems.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Hugo and Lolita: This article features the stories of two orcas at the Miami Seaquarium, Hugo (deceased) and Lolita. Lolita has been the lone orca at this marine amusement park for years, and many call for her retirement.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Kiska and Kshamenk: The story of two other lonely orcas. Kiska resides as the sole orca at Marineland Niagara Falls. Kshamenk lives as the lone orca at Mundo Marino in Argentina.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Wild Captures: This article tells the history of whale captures for the purpose of captivity, laws and regulations regarding captures, and how the marine amusement park model grew.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Around the World: The marine amusement park may be changing on the western side of the world, but on the eastern side it is a growing industry.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, SeaWorld Then: SeaWorld’s history of capture, captivity, the Shamu brand, breeding, exploitation of orcas, and trainer incidents and deaths.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, SeaWorld Today: SeaWorld’s evolution since the previous article, in the last decade, and what the park is doing today to improve its conservation efforts, orca captivity, and their future potential.
The Plight of Orcas in Captivity, Final Thoughts: My final thoughts on the issues of captivity, SeaWorld and marine amusement parks, Morgan the Orca, and the future.
The Whale Sanctuary Project: Overview of The Whale Sanctuary Project, which will provide retired captive cetaceans a place to live under human care, in a more natural environment. This will hopefully end the argument of marine amusement parks that captive cetaceans are better off remaining captive.
What They Learned From Keiko, the Star of Free Willy: An overview of Keiko’s story, a captive orca who went from sick and likely to die to movie star to free orca swimming in the open ocean.
Update on Tokitae/Lolita: Article updating the status of Tokitae/Lolita at the Miami Seaquarium.
Kiska Died Alone: Sadly, Kiska at Marineland Canada/Niagara Falls died in March 2023. She was the only orca at the park and lived a sad and lonely life.